When it comes to self-driving car manufacturers, people are quick to name companies like Tesla, Apple, and Waymo as the leaders in the space. But this perception doesn’t match up to the reality of who is making the greatest strides developing and deploying autonomous driving technologies, according to a recent study from Navigant Research.
The research firm rated manufacturers based on 10 criteria: Vision; go-to market strategy; partners; production strategy; technology; sales, marketing, and distribution; product capability; product quality and reliability; product portfolio; and staying power.
Here are the 10 companies leading in autonomous vehicle creation, according to Navigant:
- General Motors
- Daimler Bosch
- Volkswagen Group
- BMW Intel-FCA
- Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance
- Groupe PSA
While some companies on the list are working as a one-stop shop — tackling the hardware, firmware, and software — others are working with third-party partners and vendors to develop their autonomous vehicles.